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Plant Based Resin: Brands and Toxicity

Last Updated: January 20th, 2023

Plant-based resin is a UV-curable liquid used in MSLA, DLP, and SLA additive manufacturing. Typically, these resins contain half epoxidized soybean oil and half normal resin chemicals. Since these resins still contain harmful pre-polymers and photoinitiators, you should treat them no different than normal resin.

Companies that manufacture plate-based resin have made arguably misleading statements about this resin type. Some of the claims associated with the plant-based resins are: "made from soybean oil", "truly eco-friendly", "no VOCs", "no BPA", and "no harmful chemicals". However, a product precaution states "wear a mask and gloves to avoid direct skin contact and maintain indoor ventilation."

Quick Facts About All Resin:

  • SLA resin is detrimental to the environment and should be regarded as toxic waste
  • Waste resin and polluted IPA should never be poured down a drain
  • SLA resin will kill marine life 
  • All resin should be used with proper PPE, ventilation, and filtration

Chemicals in Anycubic's Plant-Based Resin

Nearly 45% of Anycubic's plant-based resin consists of epoxidized soybean oil, which is progress since the only concern with that ingredient is skin sensitization. However, the other 55% consists of input chemicals that are toxic to your body and marine life.

Chemical Ingredients in Anycubic Plant-Based Resin
Chemical Potential Use Warnings and Dangers
Epoxidized soybean oil plasticizer Skin Irritant
Isooctyl acrylate pre-polymer Respiratory Toxicity  Aquatic Hazard  Skin Irritant  Eye Irritant
Ditrimethylolpropane tetraacrylate Respiratory Toxicity  Aquatic Hazard  Skin Irritant  Eye Irritant
1,1’-(Methylene-di-4,1-phenylene)bis[2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-propanone] photoinitiator Organ Toxicity  Aquatic Hazard
Polychloro copper phthalocyanine
pigment

Chemicals in Elegoo's Plant-Based Resin

Elegoo's plant-based resin consists of 50% "Epoxy Resins", which we can assume is a combination that includes epoxidized soybean oil. The remaining chemicals still have an inherent risk.

Chemical Ingredients in Elegoo Plant-Based Resin
Chemical Potential Use Warnings and Dangers
"Epoxy Resins" plasticizer Skin Irritant
1,6-Hexanediol diacrylate
binder Skin Irritant  Eye Irritant
N-(Dimethylcarbamoyl)glycine
Skin Irritant  Eye Irritant  Organ Toxicity
hydroxycyclohexyl phenyl ketone
photoinitiator Not Classified

Claims Made by Anycubic or Elegoo for Plant-Based Resin

The first claim made in reference to the plant-based resin is that it is made from soybean oil. This is largely true since nearly 50% of the resin is made from epoxidized soybean oil, which is chemically altered but not far removed from the plant product.

The second claim is that the resin is "truly eco-friendly". If the resin was made entirely of ingredients not determinantal to human and marine life this would be true, but only 50% of the resin components could be regarded as environmentally safe. This claim is false.

The third claim is that plant-based resin emits no VOCs. Some consumers have shown that the resin does release formaldehyde during the curing process. Professional tests for air quality are expensive, and any testing performed with most commercially available sensors are not able to detect every type of VOC. This claim is largely false.

BPA is a pre-polymer to epoxy resins and plastics that is known to cause reproductive issues and is anticipated to increase cancer risk. While it may be true that BPA is not present in the resin, the substitution of BPA for BPB, BPF, or BPS does not eliminate the health risk that these chemicals pose to ourselves and the environment.

The fifth claim of "no harmful chemicals" is disingenuous, with even the company's SDS and statement of "wear a mask and gloves to avoid direct skin contact and maintain indoor ventilation" contradicting the claim. This claim is false.

The plant-based resin, from a safety perspective, does not advance significantly from the typical UV-activated resins that can harm ourselves and the environment. That being said, it is worth noting that nearly 50% of this resin was able to utilize a plasticizer/filler that is plant-based. Further research is needed to find a commercial formula that is suitable from both the quality and safety perspectives.

Anycubic - Plant-Based

$35

Amount: 1kg (0.9 liter)

Anycubic Eco Resin
AnycubicAmazonAliExpress

Elegoo - Plant-Based

$37

Amount: 1kg (0.9 liter)

Elegoo Eco Resin
Amazon

Is There a Non-Toxic Resin?

There are biomedical resins used in surgery and dental work, but even these caused abnormalities or death in animal studies while fully cured. However, when compared to other resins and epoxies, biomedical resins are the safest by far. The downside is that biomedical resin can be expensive.

Food-safe certified epoxy coatings are generally only rated for incidental and short-term contact. These epoxies should not be used for long-term food storage or hot liquids that would exacerbate the leeching of chemicals from the epoxy.

Therefore, biomedical and certified food-safe coatings could be considered non-toxic when used correctly. There is currently not a consumer non-toxic or food-safe resin for 3D printing.

Take Action

CDC Hierarchy of Controls
Source: CDC/NIOSH - Does not imply endorsement by the CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/hierarchy/default.html
4D Filtration Hierarchy of Controls

Ultimate Resin Guide - compare resin printers, resin material, and equipment

Preparing for Resin Printing - setting up an enclosure, heating, ventilation, filtration, and cleaning equipment

FDM Printers Guide - comparison table and top picks for filament printers

Resin Properties or Filament Properties - comparison table and top picks for materials

Sources

  • CANEC1916332501
  • CANEC1917010301
  • 10.1080/15376516.2019.1652873
  • 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.177
  • https://aksci.com/sds/8291AC_SDS.pdf
  • https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/US/en/sds/aldrich/412333
  • https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/US/en/sds/aldrich/437425
  • https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Isooctyl-acrylate#section=Safety-and-Hazards
  • https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/US/en/sds/aldrich/408360
  • https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ditrimethylolpropane-tetraacrylate#section=Safety-and-Hazards
  • https://www.combi-blocks.com/msds/HB-5837.pdf
  • https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/22019754#section=Safety-and-Hazards
  • https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/1_6-Hexanediol-diacrylate#section=Safety-and-Hazards

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