This 4D Filtration resource is user-supported by donations, affiliate links, and/or ads.

DIY Ventilation & Filtration For 3D Printing

Last Updated: September 2nd, 2023

The recommended method for venting a resin printer is to enclose it in a grow tent and vent the fumes outside. Flexible duct and an inline fan will connect the grow tent to a window adapter.

Ideally, the resin printer would be placed outside the residence in a garage, shed, or detached room. Resin printers can be indoors but they should be enclosed and continuously vented.

FDM printers using materials like ABS, ASA, PC, and composites should be vented in a similar manner. During winter, most 3D printers will needed to be heated to ensure successful printing.

Ideal Resin Printer Ventilation - Garage or Workshop

It is recommended to place resin printers outside the residence. This mitigates any long-term health risks associated with the resin chemicals off-gassing. This location could be a garage, shed, workshop, balcony, or patio.

If your workspace is well vented, like a garage that has good airflow, then you can leave your resin printer and equipment on a table without an enclosure. When a printing session concludes, you can vent the garage while you are cleaning.

If your workspace is not well ventilated, then it is recommended to place the resin printer in an enclosure, like a grow tent, so you can control the ventilation. Additionally, a grow tent is recommended when heating a resin printer.

Interactive Resin Printer Setup

Double click or tap to go full screen, pan around 360°, and select the outlined items to learn more.

Venting Resin Printers Indoors

Ventilation is a requirement when resin printers are placed inside your house.

Resin printers inside your house should be placed in a separate and sealed room. The resin printer should be put in an enclosure like a grow tent. These are fairly affordable, easy to set up, and are sturdy.

Flexible duct will connect your enclosure to a window adapter. You could drill a hole through the wall but that is not always practical.

An inline fan will pull contaminated air from the enclosure and force it outside.

Enclosures such as this are arguably overkill, but they are certainly effective. For most people, purchasing a grow tent will be the easier route.

venting resin printers in apartments

Resin printing while living in an apartment is possible, especially if you have windows that open, a patio, or a balcony. An apartment follows the same recommendations as in a house.

It is often asked if the resin printer can be placed in an apartment's bedroom or kitchen. Putting a resin printer where you sleep is a long-term health risk, and putting it in the kitchen can contaminate your food.

If you are in student living, such as a dorm, we do not recommend getting a resin printer. Dorms often have no method of ventilation and any complaints, at minimum, could force you to get rid of the printer. Instead, it is likely that your university library or city makerspace will have printers for you to use.

Community Resin Setups

These are excellent community examples to provide some inspiration in creating your setup.

Email entries to [email protected] or on discord in the #showcase channel. We prefer the images to be landscape and at minimum 1,500x900px. Try to capture the essence of your setup in a single photo. If you have an exceptional setup that needs multiple photos, we'll use multiple slots or create a small slideshow.

Grow Tent Enclosures

The reasons why grow tents are widely used in resin printing is that they are affordable, easy to set up, and sturdy.

A 30 x 18 x 36 inch grow tent retails between $70 to $100. It can comfortably fit a small or medium resin printer, a heater, and resin/equipment. This size can fit two printers, but it will be cramped with a heater.

Always make sure to check the printer's dimensions and pick an appropriate grow tent. If you have the space, a larger grow tent can be useful to store multiple printers, cleaning equipment, resin, and other supplies.

Grow tents can be used:

  • outdoors to block wind, sun, rain, and critters on a patio or balcony
  • indoors to vent directly outside
  • in a garage to help contain heat and optimize venting
  • with a fume extractor before being vented
  • to fit a printer + a wash & cure station if wide enough
  • as a fume hood if using a strong inline fan

Vivosun Grow Tent

(15% Off)
We use the 30x18x36" size with two small resin printers

Vivosun Grow Tent

AC Infinity Grow Tent


Tall grow tents can be used sideways if needed

AC Infinity Grow Tent

Gorilla Grow Tent


The 24x24x32" size provides plenty of space

Gorilla Grow Tent

How Our Resin Room Uses Ventilation + Fans

When it is summer and the temperature outside is ~25-35°C (77-95°F):

  • We keep our resin printers outside of their enclosure and on the table.
  • On high speed, our inlet fan brings clean air in through one of our Promethean air cleaners (only a MERV 13 filter). This reduces dust in the room.
  • On high speed, our outlet fan vents the entire room before, during, and after printing.

When it is summer and the temperature outside is ~40°C+ (104°F):

  • We keep our resin printers outside of their enclosure and on the table.
  • A portable AC window unit is put on low to medium in order to cool the room.
  • If on, at low speed, our inlet fan brings clean air in through one of our Promethean air cleaners (only a MERV 13 filter). This reduces dust in the room.
  • On low speed, our outlet fan vents the entire room during printing.
  • Both the inlet and outlet fans are turned on high when printing has concluded and cleaning has begun. Afterwards, the fans are left on high, and the AC unit is turned off.

When winter is coming and the temperature outside is below ~20-25°C (68-77°F):

  • We keep our resin printers inside a grow tent and the heater temperature set to ~30°C.
  • On low speed, our inlet fan brings clean air in through one of our Promethean air cleaners (only a MERV 13 filter). This reduces dust in the room.
  • On low speed, our outlet fan vents the entire room during printing.
  • Both the inlet and outlet fans are turned on high when printing has concluded and cleaning has begun. Afterwards, the fans are left on high, and the heater is turned off.

When installing the ventilation fans, if the total flow rate of the outlet fan is higher than the inlet fan, then the room is a negative pressure environment. This will pull air into the room through cracks and household HVAC duct. This is the desired scenario.

If the total flow rate of the outlet fan is less than the inlet fan then the room is a positive pressure environment, which will push contaminated air through cracks and household HVAC duct. This is undesirable.

The simplified recommendation is that a single outlet fan should be installed to properly vent your resin printer.

Cheap Inline Duct Fan

(15% Off)
No Speed Control
195 CFM
~31 dB

Vivosun Resin Inline Venting Fan

Vivosun Duct Fan

(15% Off)
Speed Control
203 CFM
~49 dB

Vivosun Resin Inline Venting Fan

Vevor Duct Fan

(5% Off)
Speed Control
200 CFM
<50 dB

Vevor Resin Inline Venting Fan

AC Infinity Duct Fan


Speed Control
165 CFM
~29 dB

AC Infinity Resin Inline Venting Fan

120mm Fans


110-178 CFM
0.36-0.94 inH2O
41-54 dB

Resin 120mm AC Venting Fan
eBay - 115 CFM4D - 178 CFMAmazon - 110 CFM

4" Vinyl Duct


Diameter: 4 inches
Length: 5-50 Feet

Vinyl Duct
4D FiltrationAmazon

4" Aluminum Duct


Diameter: 4 inches
Length: 25-50 Feet

Aluminum Duct
Amazon - AC InfinityAmazon - Vivosun

Window Adapter


This flexible window adapter can secure 4 to 6" duct

3D Printing Venting Window Adapter

Ventilation Simulations

The following simulations are intended to provide a comparison between common ventilation scenarios for 3D printers. The animations represent the behavior of the particulates and VOCs that are suspended by airflow. The exact concentrations present during printing are not represented, only the behavior.


  • The small resin printer is simplified to a 20" cube.
  • Air temperature is 90°F (32°C), and there is an external wind speed of 5 mph (2.2 m/s).
  • The room size is 12x16' (3.7x4.9 m).
  • The airflow is represented by transparent brown arrows; the particles are the spheres, colored by the legend dependent on their velocity or temperature.

Worst Case Scenario - No Ventilation

If an indoor room has no ventilation

An indoor room with no ventilation allows for the particle concentration to increase. Resin that off-gasses will eventually spread to the rest of your home.

The mixture remains suspended by free convection that is powered by heat from electronics, sunlight, and artificial light.

Best Case Scenario - Outside The Home

If the printer is on a balcony or patio with a 5 mph wind

While not always practical, placing the printer outside allows for particles to be swiftly carried away by a light wind.

The goal of ventilation is to attempt to reach this behavior while the printer is indoors.

Garage or Indoor Open-Air Ventilation

If a garage or room has a box fan in a window

Perhaps the cheapest garage or indoor solution, putting a box fan in the window will move a lot of air but will gradually expose the entire room to the external temperature.

In a garage, this could work when it is warm outside, but the cool winter air can result in print failures. A small heater will be needed in this case.
The simulated box fan is rated at 1,800 CFM and ≈0.10 inH2O.

If another window or door is cracked open

Slightly opening a window allows for air to enter the room, ensuring that there are no stale pockets of air. The static pressure experienced by the fan is lowered, thereby increasing the flow rate.

This case will be common for most rooms due to air leaking in through cracks, ducts, and under doors.

If another window or door is fully open

Fully opening a window or door maximizes the circulation and ventilation of the air-particle mixture.

Remember that this showcases the particle behavior and not the concentration.

Garage or Indoor Ventilation via Enclosure

If a grow tent is used to vent the resin fumes

This is an ideal solution for ventilation since the particles are contained and there is minimal impact on the air temperature of the residence.

The simulated enclosure is a grow tent that lets air in through the zipper and small cracks. The ventilation is provided by a 120mm fan with a meager 40 CFM and 0.11 inH2O.

Smaller fans prevent excess heated/cooled indoor air from being lost during printing. However, when the enclosure is opened, the small fan is not able to extract the fumes to the extent that a tube-axial (inline) fan could.

Install Filtration as a Secondary Defense

Installing ventilation should always be the primary focus, with filtration acting as a secondary defense. In the event that ventilation is not possible then fume extractors can be utilized so long as they are maintained and the filters replaced regularly.

For resin printers, even if ventilation is installed, you may feel more comfortable with the extra layer of defense provided by a fume extractor or air cleaner.

For FDM printers, installing filtration is often a necessity since the vast majority of filaments are temperature sensitive and their enclosures are not vented.

For FDM printers, the focus will be split on removing both particulates and VOCs, whereas SLA will be primarily VOCs.

Particulates can be efficiently removed with MERV 11-16 or HEPA filters. HEPA filters are not always the best option since they often have a lower flow rate compared to a MERV filter, but they perform well for fume extraction.

The efficient removal of VOCs will require a bed of activated carbon granules or pellets. Impregnated foam is not recommended since it is not as efficient nor as long-lasting as granules.

The capture efficiency of professional/industrial activated carbon systems can be 92-98%, but smaller units with a carbon thickness of 1-2 inches can have an efficiency of 40-60%.

The capture efficiency of carbon will vary depending on the chemicals, impregnation, thickness, temperature, air speed, and etc. The efficiency will decrease when the carbon surpasses a saturation threshold dependent on the thickness of its mass transfer zone. 

Filtration - Fume Mitigation

These small air cleaners are designed to be placed inside the acrylic cover of a resin printer.

The units only use activated carbon so they be able to capture an estimated 40-60% of fumes until they become saturated. Particulates will not be captured to any meaningful extent.

The P Mini air cleaner's files are free to download, it uses a blower fan with a higher static pressure, the extra battery capacity gives hours of additional use, and the thick carbon bed will have a longer life and higher capture efficiency.

4D Filtration - P Mini


Battery: 5,000 mAh
Carbon: 50 g
Dimensions: 53x53x133 mm

P Mini Air Cleaner
4D FiltrationPrintablesThingiverse

Anycubic - AirPure


Battery: 2,000 mAh
Carbon: 13.6 g
Dimensions: 46x46x115 mm

Anycubic AirPure

Elegoo - Mini Air Purifier


Battery: 2,000 mAh
Carbon: 13.6 g
Dimensions: 44x44x107 mm

Elegoo Mini Air Purifier

Filtration - Fume Extractors

Fume extractors are designed to remove the majority of containments from the air leaving an enclosure.

The Promethean air cleaner is offered as an affordable alternative that can be hooked up using duct, be inside an enclosure, or next to the printer. Additionally, the high flow rate allows it to act similar to a normal air cleaner.

The BOFA fume extractors utilize HEPA media, have a thicker carbon bed, and are more quiet - the downside is the price bump. Fume extractors are ideal for resin and FDM.

4D Filtration - Promethean

DIY or $200
MERV Filter: $15
Activated Carbon: $20

Airflow: 11-27 cfm
Noise: 41-68 dB
Protection: Particulates & VOCs
via MERV & Activated Carbon Granules

Promethean Fume Extractor
4D Filtration

BOFA - Print Pro 2

Combo Filter: $260

Airflow: 26.5 cfm
Noise: <44 dB @ "typical"
Protection: Particulates & VOCs
via HEPA & Activated Carbon Granules

Bofa Print Pro 2

BOFA - Print Pro 3

Combo Filter: $260

Airflow: 88 cfm
Noise: <57 dB @ "typical"
Protection: Particulates & VOCs
via HEPA & Activated Carbon Granules

Bofa Print Pro 3
3D Printing Hierarchy of Controls

Resin Printer Ventilation FAQ

The easiest way to vent resin fumes is via duct from an enclosure to a window adapter. A fan will pull contaminated air in the enclosure out through the window.

It is possible to sufficiently ventilate a resin printer if you have a window, patio, or balcony. If the printer is placed on a patio or balcony, it will need an enclosure to prevent exposure from sunlight, but you will not need any duct or fans. A printer vented out a window will need an enclosure, duct, fan, and window adapter.

If you live in student housing, we recommend against getting a resin printer. If complaints are made, at the very least, you could be forced to remove the printer. Beyond the fumes, the IPA used would be declared a potential fire hazard. College libraries and city makerspaces should have the printers needed for your projects.

The garage is one of the best places for a resin printer. Placing the printer in a garage will prevent fumes from entering your home.

When a printing session has concluded, the garage can be vented via fan or by opening the doors.

Resin printers can be put outside if they have protection from the elements. An enclosure like a grow tent will provide sufficient protection.

Ultimate Resin Guide - compare resin printers, resin material, and equipment

Preparing for Resin Printing - setting up an enclosure, heating, ventilation, filtration, and cleaning equipment

FDM Printers Guide - comparison table and top picks for filament printers

Resin Properties or Filament Properties - comparison table and top picks for materials

Disclaimer: You assume all responsibility and risk for the use of, but not limited to, the resources, advice, and opinions of 4D Filtration or its employees. 4D Filtration or its employees do not assume any liability or create any warranty for the use of any information. 4D Filtration may receive commissions for referral links. Prices are approximated for simplicity and they may fluctuate due to sales or markdowns. Amazon .com should refer you to your local amazon site if you are not in the United States; there is a chance Amazon's link redirect system will take you to a different product.